The following saints' feasts are found in the margins of Western MS 97. The right-hand column shows the date when the feast was added to the Dominican calendar (when the data is available).

Saints' Feasts in the Margins of Western MS 97
Feast Folio Date Added to OP Calendar
Saint Attala, virgin 206v  
Conception of Mary 206v mid-14th century
Saint Ignatius 218r  1250s
Thomas Aquinas 224r 1323 
Saint Anthony, confessor 233r


Saint Martial 233r 1334-6
Ten Thousand Martyrs 233v 1423
Saint Ulrich 241r  
Saint Procopius 241v 1353-5
Saint Alexius 242v 1305-7
Saint Arbogast 242v  
Saint Anne 242v Second half of 15th century
Saint Louis IX 249r 1296-8
Saint Wenceslaus 252r 1296-8
Saint Edward, confessor 254v  
Saint Aurelia 254v  
Saint Florentius 258r  
Saint Elizabeth of Hungary 258r 1250s

Things to Note

The table above raises questions about the history of the manuscript. Most importantly, it challenges our initial speculation, based on stylistic evidence, that Western MS 97 dates from the first quarter of the 14th century (see the Introduction). The following points summarize our findings.

1) The Feast of Saint Martha is found twice in the manuscript, once on fol. 242v in the manuscript's original hand, and once on 243r in the margin in Hand 1 (see Figures 1 and 2, below). Both feasts contain identical chants. Given that Saint Martha's feast was added to the Dominican calendar in 1276, it is unlikely that the manuscript was copied before then, since it is also found in the manuscript's original hand. (Why it was later added in the margin on 243r remains a mystery.)

2) The feasts of Saint Louis IX and Saint Wenceslaus, written into the margins on fols. 249 and 252r, respectively, were added to the official Dominican calendar during chapter meetings in 1296-8. (Louis IX was canonized by Boniface VIII in 1297). These saints' absence from the originally copied manuscript suggests that Western MS 97 was produced before 1296-8.

3) From the evidence supplied by points 1) and 2) it is thus likely that the manuscript was produced between 1276 and 1298.

4) Four saints found in the margins--Saints Attala, virgin, Arbogast, Aurelia, and Florentius--are local to Strasbourg, a city in Eastern France. The manuscript must have come to Strasbourg at some point during its history. (See Step 3 for further discussion).

5) Hand 1 was responsible for adding the majority of these feasts. Because a number of them--most notably, the Conception of Mary, Ten Thousand Martyrs, and Saint Anne--were added to the Dominican calendar in mid-14th century or later, it seems likely that these edits were made years after than the manuscript was produced--possibly over a century later. (Indeed, the feast of Ten Thousand Martyrs is not found in any European martyrologies until 1371.)


Principal secondary source consulted: William R. Boniwell, A History of the Dominican Liturgy (New York City: Joseph F. Wagner, Inc., 1944).